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Glory of Ancient Persia from My Point of View (Page 7)

My Travels Home Mianeh Kish Island West India Qeshm Island Chabahar Ancient Persia Kelardasht UK Hamburg Italy Egypt Paris Budapest

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All photographs of this album by Sohail Forouzan-sepehr is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.  Using any photograph is only permitted by referring full-name of the photographer & the website as: "
Photograph taken by Sohail Forouzan-sepehr"

4-8 June 2007, Homa Hotel (5*), Shiraz, Iran

(Also Persepolis, Pasargadae, Firuzabad, Kazerun)


Under Construction

Kazerun Local Time

Kazerun is a town in Fars province, Iran, situated on a plain among high limestone ridges on the north-south trunk road between Shiraz and Bushehr. The town is extensive, with well-built houses. It is surrounded by date palms, citrus orchards, and wheat and tobacco fields; rice, cotton, and vines also are grown.

The ruins of the ancient city of Bishapur, which are situated 19 km north, have Sassanid (c 224651 AD) bas-reliefs and, in a lofty cave, a statue of Shapur I (241272 AD).

In addition to the historical monuments, Kazerun has a beautiful natural sights such as Parishan Lake, Shapur River, Famour and Jareh narcissus field, etc.

429. "Parishan" Lake (means "disconsolate" in Persian), some 12km away from Kazerun, with an area of about 4300 hectares is a very beautiful lake in the Fars Province, Iran. The lake is not only a very nice eco-park for tourists and a homeland for about 300 native/migratory waterbird and fish species, but also has the following importances:

Current land use:

  • Within the site's surroundings/catchment:

    • Non-urbanized settlements

    • Orchard (generally small holdings)

    • Permanent pastoral agriculture

    • Arable agriculture (unspecified)

  • Within the Ramsar site:

    • Cutting of vegetation (small scale/subsistence)

    • Research

    • Recreation (unspecified)

    • Subsistence fishing

    • Permanent pastoral agriculture

    • Agriculture (unspecified)

Social and cultural values:

  • Aquatic vegetation (reeds, edible plants, mangrove prods.)

  • Current scientific research

  • Non-consumptive recreation

  • Subsistence hunting

  • Livestock grazing

  • Subsistence fishing

Biological Values:

  • Fauna type:

    • supports rare/endangered bird species

    • waterbird wintering/non-breeding/dry season area

    • staging area for migratory waterbird species

    • breeding area for waterbirds

    • important for mammals

  • Flora type:

    • outstanding example of a particular plant community

Ref: http://www.wetlands.org

See the satellite image by Google Map.

430. A panoramic view of Parishan Lake

431. Another panorama of the lake

432 to 435. Fauna and flora life of the lake

436. A panorama of the lake while boating

437. Another panorama of the lake

438 & 439. A duck swimming in the lake with her chicks 440. A beautiful shot of the lake while boating there. Thanks to my camera which has an anti-shaking mode! 441. Parishan Lake

442. Parishan Lake

443. Parishan Lake

444 to 446. Parishan Lake

447 to 450. Parishan Lake
451 to 453. Parishan Lake

454. Ancient city of Bishapur is situated 19km north of Kazerun on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. The road linked the Sassanid capitals "Estakhr" and "Ctesiphon".

According to an inscription, the city itself was founded in 266 by Shapur I (241-272 AD), who was the second Sassanid king, restored the borders of the empire to where they had been in the Achaemenid Persian period, inflicting a triple defeat on the Romans. In his native province of Fars, he built a new capital that would measure up to his ambitions: Bishapur, Shapur's City. The city was not laid out in the circular design inherited from the Parthians, but followed the grid (Hippodamian) plan used by the Greeks. Outside the city, Shapur decorated the sides of the Bishapur River gorge with huge historical reliefs commemorating his triple triumph over Rome. One of these reliefs, in a semicircular shape, has rows of registers with files of soldiers and horses, in a deliberate imitation of the narrative scenes on the Trajan column in Rome. At Bishapur the king also inaugurated the Sassanid imagery of the king's investiture, which would be copied by his successors: the king and the god are face to face, often on horseback, and the god - usually Ahura Mazda - is holding the royal diadem out to the sovereign.

The city was built by Roman soldiers who had been captured after Valerian I defeat in 260 AD. However, it was not a completely new settlement: archaeologists have found remains from the Parthian and Elamite ages.

The city remained important until the Arabs invasion and the rise of Islam in the second quarter of the 7th century AD. There were still people living there in the 10th century.

(photo courtesy)

(photo courtesy)

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